Endocrinology: Male & Female Reproductive Health

Reproductive endocrinology is a subspecialty of Obstetrics and Gynecology that addresses hormonal function and its indirect relationship to reproduction. Reproductive endocrinologists evaluate and treat disorders in both females and males, not limited to infertility. They receive specialized training in obstetrics and gynecology before pursuing further training in reproductive endocrinology and infertility.


Female Endocrinology:


Female endocrinology primarily focuses on the reproductive cycle driven by estrogen and other female hormones. Some of the related issues that an endocrinologist may evaluate and provide care for include:

  • Early or delayed onset of menstruation
  • Menstrual abnormalities
  • Heavy, light, or absent menstrual periods
  • Premenstrual syndrome
  • Conditions such as ovarian cysts or uterine fibroids that may cause symptoms linked to the menstrual cycle
  • Per menopause and menopause
  • Endocrine-related symptoms like depression, fatigue, or decreased libido

Male Endocrinology:

In cases where the testicles produce abnormally low levels of testosterone, testosterone replacement therapy may be employed. While some men may not experience obvious effects from lower-than-normal testosterone levels, others may face various impacts, such as:

  • Reduced sexual function in terms of desire, erections, and fertility
  • Insomnia or other sleep issues
  • Decreased muscle size and strength, increased body fat, and lower bone density
  • Emotional changes including reduced confidence and motivation, lower mood, and difficulties with concentration and memory.


  • Diabetic Retinopathy
  • Blood glucose levels
  • Micro vascular complications
  • Cardiovascular diseases

Related Conference of Endocrinology: Male & Female Reproductive Health

November 14-15, 2024

5th International Conference on Physics

Tokyo, Japan

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